What’s NEW in Windows Server 2019

Speaker: , Nicolas Bonnet
Published : April, 2019
What’s NEW in Windows Server 2019

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Rating: 3 / 5 (33 votes cast)

With the release of a new Windows Server version, IT pros around the world face difficult questions: What do I need to know before upgrading? What are the key must-have features? What is the safest way to upgrade? And most important: How do I prepare now for leveraging Windows Server 2019?
In this insightful webinar with Veeam® Sr. Director Product Strategy, Rick Vanover, explains:
• New WS2019 features
• How to upgrade to WS2019
• Testing migrations to WS2019
• And more!

Video transcript 

RICK VANOVER:

Hello and welcome. So, this featured webinar today, “What's NEW in Windows Server 2019’, provided to you by Veeam®. My name is Rick Vanover and I'm joined with Nicholas Bonnet, who is a Veaam Vanguard and a Microsoft MVP. We are going to present this content to you. So again, welcome and let's go through a few administrative points about today's webinar. Now first of all, all attendees have been automatically muted on entry. Now if you have a question, go to webinar Q&A panel, you can ask your question there and Nicholas or I will either field the question live or answer questions at the end of the webinar. We have dedicated time in the last slide to go through some questions. Now this webinar is also going to be recorded. You are going to get a recording link, as well as an ability to download these slides.

This is going to be sent to you via the email address that you registered. We have a great sized crowd today, so let's go ahead and get started. So, I've really broke- broken down the agenda a couple of different ways. So again, Veeam is organizing and presenting this webinar. So, we're going to introduce both our guest expert, Nicholas, as well as give you an overview of Veeam. But we're really going to spend the bulk of our time about Windows server 2019, some of the new capabilities Nicholas has identified, some shielded virtual machine and desktop experience as well as the different servicing channels of Windows that we're going to talk about. I'm going to talk a little bit about some storage logic for Windows server 2019 and then we're also gonna talk about what does it mean for an ISV to support Windows server 2019. So, in the Veeam example, when we say we support 2019, what exactly does that mean? How does it work?

So, we're going to go through all of that stuff and then at the end have some time for questions. So let's get into it. Just introducing to Veeam, we've really pioneered the data management space. Starting in 2008 when our backup product, I like to say, changed the way backup was looked at. And as we've grown, we've added other platforms, such as Hyper-V, we've embraced the cloud and we still have a really strong experience on-premises. But where we are today is really ready for multi-cloud data management and, by the numbers, Veeam has been very successful. Last year we had around $963 million dollars of bookings with millions of virtual machines, protected hundreds of thousands of customers and a very strong net promoter score. So, what these numbers mean is that having Veeam involved in your backup strategy is a very safe bet and chances are you're going to like the experiences — as thousands of others around the world have.

Over the years, we've added a lot of technical innovation. In fact, I'm stepping away from training here in Amsterdam right now for some of the latest training coming to us from Veeam. But throughout the years, all of these different capabilities have been brought to market by Veeam. Lots of platform support, whether it be new hypervisors, new clouds or new storage techniques, different ways of making data available. We really take platform support and capabilities around backups very seriously. So, all of that being said, your expectation from Veeam is that we can continue to innovate with our product releases, and you will see that through the Veeam Availability Suite™. Now we're not going to talk too much about Veeam backup today. I will a little bit at the end about how you can migrate to Windows server 2019 and then also how you can use the different components with Veeam.

But the bulk of today's talk is around Windows server 2019, but keep in mind, Veeam is more than just virtual machines. We have many products now that can address your needs in the private cloud, the public cloud, service provider cloud, on premises etc... And it's really driven around providing a universal API’s to have the fundamental experiences of backup and recovery, replication and failover. So, if you have backup needs, we'd love to talk to you at Veeam. But what we're going to talk about today is Windows server 2019 and I'd like to introduce today's guest speaker. And that's Nicholas Bonnet.

NICHOLAS BONNET:

Thank you, Rick. I'm Nicholas Bonnet, I’m a Veeam Vanguard and the MVP enterprise mobility. I write books, French books, for a Windows server 2019, 2016, 2012. I write at a French editor. I can begin. So, can you-

VANOVER:

Thank you. Yes, thank you Nicholas. And myself, I'm on the Product Strategy Team here at Veeam. So, I've been through this release cycle with new Windows server OS’s the years. I've supported Veeam through the Windows server 2012, 2016 and 2019 releases. So, like Nicolas, we've been through this before but it's important for us to give to you some overviews of the different technologies that are coming. The first thing I wanted to share with you is this amazing 45 page PDF. Now if you go on the, it's on a docs.microsoft.com page, and I've made both a QR code here and a short URL. But remember you're gonna get these slides emailed to you, but down there at the bottom there's a little link that says download as PDF. You can actually take this very big document and make a PDF, which is really, really good desk reference.

In fact, I'll disclose that I use this document quite a bit to understand what's new with Windows server 2019 but also the context and the ‘gotchas’ and a lot of the contributions that I made to this PowerPoint deck about Windows server 2019 have come from this document. So the first thing I want to talk about is the storage migration service, and when I was — Nicolas is a MVP currently I was previously an MVP — and when I would go to the MVP summit, this was a service when it was previewed, this was something I was very excited about. So, the storage migration service is a technology that allows older file servers to be moved to newer OS’s. And you know, there's a lot of different ways you can do it. As you can see from the diagram, it just basically you can go from old systems all the way back to Windows server 2003 and it can move it to new storage types, whether they're an Azure files or, or just on Windows server.

Storage migration service

VANOVER:

So, there's three steps to leverage the storage migration service. The first is to just inventory and see what we have to move. The second step is to actually do the copy of the transfer of the data from those old sources to the new targets and then simply cut it over and start using it. Now of course it makes it, there's always more than three steps to a migration like that, but it's important to note everything from security vulnerabilities to platform support or even just your own supportability, being able to support multiple Windows revisions, right? Some of those older platforms, especially 2008 are too — which is going end of life early next year — 2003 which is already end of life. It really needs to be thought about on how to move to a newer platform. In fact, I would argue that tools like this can really help you stay current and then if you can reduce the number of Windows servers that you have to support the additions, you can have a much better administration experience.

And another thing in related to storage technologies that I've wanted to share with some new capabilities from Windows server 2019 and likewise, this is stuff that I knew was coming and I was really happy to see that this was made available in Windows server 2019 and the first star, the deduplication and compression for re-FS volumes. Re-FS as a file system has gone through a lot in the last couple of years, but what the end result is that now it's ready with storage reduction techniques such as deduplication and compression as well as some of the smart logic it has. It has some really interesting abilities to reference blocks that exist, ect. So, it's a very powerful file system and if you've never really given a consideration now might be the time, especially with storage spaces direct.

There's also native support for persistent memory, storage spaces direct and some resiliency for two-note HCI for use cases on the edge, so like retail, ect. There's also USB flash drive as a witness, a technique for storage spaces and you can manage it through the WAC, the Windows Admin Center. Now a lot of great stuff comes with storage spaces direct, but I want to highlight that it's not available in the Windows semi-annual channel, which we'll talk about here in a second. So those are two storage things that I've identified as a pretty important set of new capabilities for Windows server. Now I'd let Nicholas explain what the different channels are.

Channels

BONNET:

Thank you, Rick. Windows server 2016 and Windows server 2019, it's subject to the different channel. Okay. Otherwise we don't stay as with, Windows 10 you have two tenants with a semi-annual channel you have to raise by years generally spring and fall, generally. Okay. With this channel you only have Windows server 2016 Mmm. So, you cannot build for nano server or call mode without experienced user. It built of a support life cycle for 18 months.

With the long-term servicing channel you have renewals every two or three years, Windows server 2016 and Windows server 2019. It's very appropriate channel for the main controller, fight Saba, print ect. ect. Umm, with this channel you have support for five years and five years on extended support. Okay, Rick, please, can you, thank you. Mmm. The virtual machine off gathering services a future protects virtual machine. I always just feature we are, yeah. Of optimal protection. Only the owner of the web has a possibility to connect to it through a remote management. For example, when does Sabba 2019 bring improvement to the RCS functional aging? So, the fallback as yes mode, I wrote to use a protected veteran machine with intermittent connectivity to the server with the cost guardian services road.

Windows servers

BONNET:

Okay. So with this mode it is possible to add several, yeah. In a in case the premier re-LGS does not respond. Okay, sure. It's just necessary to use to Windows server 2019. Oh Windows server 2016 both of our, most of the necessary are direct K to start the protected VM. Yeah. Windows server 2019 or so of offline mode. So, with this mode, your turn machine to be start even. If the RGS services is available to do this, it is necessary to answer. Is that the security configuration? It has not been changed. A special key protector catching in preference of the, to be perfectly honest. Mmm, just K protector is encrypted with the security configuration. Yeah. So is it just services? Is it inevitable? So if I can use the case key protector to start a virtual machine, which and Jingo security settings, for example, your disability security. But yes, the car key protector become invalid and we can start the virtual machine. Yeah, Rick please. Thank you.

Yeah. When with a Windows server 2019 you have Linux support, you can run Linux operating system, on Windows server 2016 and 2019 you can use, I haven't been to read that. So, ect. ect. Rick, thank you. Not, it's not good is a can you, can you turn to Oh, okay. It's okay. When does the founder ITP normally? Yeah. What's the name of the fraternity? We'll change, but I wait. So when does the GP is a security function? It, you pay me to reduce the, for example, block execution of malicious program. Oh block suspected file, office script, extra extra. You have natural protection so you can enable natural filtering. You can prevent fishing. Yeah. Parties you can block potentially dangerous outgoing connection. You can block sit. I try to tell malware on the computer. So natural protection is bad on reputation. Intelligence. Awesome is a big, big problem. I run the road with a Windows defender. ATP. Okay. You can bloke the ransomware attack. You can prohibit access to files, but the interest rate process please.

VANOVER:

One question, Nicholas. So, Windows defender ATP and I just, I think, but ATP is advanced threat protection, is that correct?

Failover clustering

BONNET:

Yes. Yes, yes. It's correct. It's correct. For the moment, the name it's Windows defender, but on the future, so name which hand? Sure. It's a, it's a future. Okay. Can you, can you next please? Okay. Okay. failover clustering. Okay. For ring with, with the Window server 2019 it's not possible to write a witness when DFS is detected. You can, you can see on the sprint three you can see on the screen. Okay. The witness Russo's position under GFS and messages.

Windows admin center

BONNET:

So good news. Good new folks, righty. You can move a cluster to one domain from, although domain, but for T operation you need to use CMT. That portion. Yeah, you can use, you can't use NTLM or identification with cluster on Windows server 2019, alright. Notification is removed and you need to use Caballeros identification or certificate. Rick, please. Thank you. Windows admin center. So is a new tool for administrate Windows server 2019 server and Windows 10 computer can now manage with a web interface. Okay. Manage local server or remote server for example, on remote seat. Oh, on Azure. You came on age local disk you can execute CMT that portion. Mmm. If you use, you can manage. Yeah. You can image it for with, I mean sometimes with windows and mid on top.

Desktop experience

BONNET:

Rick, please. Yeah. Thank you. Desktop experience. The desktop experience is included in a Windows server 2016 and Windows server 2019 LTSC. And to turn on TB and LTSC, it's a desktop experience on your server. But if you're choosing, if you're choosing when you wanna stop desktop experience, you can't get it. The text desktop experience. So when you asked your operating system, you need to choose, right? If you want desktop experience, or if you want to call mode. So, without desktop experiments, but since two Windows server 2016 you can't add or remove desktop experience. A Windows server 2012 it's possible to all remove. But when Windows server 2016 okay. Then since a Windows server 2016 you come to unfortunately add or remove. Yeah.

Rick, please-

VANOVER:

-a question on that, actually removing the desktop experience. You know, that's one thing that you know, realistically Nicholas, I did that like once when I was writing a blog or something, just to see how it worked back in 2016 or maybe even 2012 or something. But realistically in the field, people don't often do that change of the desktop experience, is that correct? Or do you see it often? So it's not really a big deal that it's removed. That's my opinion. What's your opinion?

BONNET:

No, I think it's more fun. It's okay. Where's, where's the Windows server 2019 and Windows server 2006 all feature of the braking system is supported by call mode. And if you, if you did it, the desktop experience, you need to less administrative operation because you, you're not because you have not a lot, a lot of Mmm. Mmm. You need to, to, to less resources because you don't have lot of memory. If you have a small server. It's very good. It's very good because okay. Come to buy about a, a server with a lot. A lot of memory. Okay, no problem. Okay. You good? You take Windows server and you asked with for windows update, it's, it's a good, a good solution because you need the, you can't them lot. A lot of updates. But yeah, you would need to stop the feature on the command line. So, it's important to who, if you come online it's okay.

VANOVER:

Yeah, to make a decision earlier it's like should it be desktop experience or not. And you know the sometimes with one use case of changing to desktop experience was usually the thought of if you needed to support something. But the thought is if you can't support it as it probably should go ahead and be desktop experience anyways. But yeah. So I guess continual guidance here is to always be, you know, ready to make the decision. Is it desktop experience or is it not? And you know, whether you make VMware templates or Hyper-V libraries, you know, always have both configured so that when you have the use case of say a Windows update server or a very small server of some sort, you know, always have that template ready to go.

Veeam support for Windows server

VANOVER:

Yes. Well good. Good stuff Nicholas. So the next part I want to talk about is how, how Windows server gets supported by Veeam in case a lot of you may know that Veeam does support for Windows server 2019 but what exactly does that mean? I mean it's more than just, yes; I can run VM on Windows server 2019 but it also means things like I can make it a proxy. I can make it a repository. I can do a Hyper-V backup on Hyper-V 2019 I can back up Windows server 2019 guests on VMware for example. You know also it's a whole matrix that everything from backups replication and Wayne acceleration. There's a whole matrix that our QA team goes through. So, when we say Veeam does platform support, it's actually a very comprehensive set and this is just a yeah, glance of that.

Now the one thing I want to highlight to you about the way Veeam looks at platform support is that helpcenter.com that helpcenter.veem.com. The very first section up there is platform support. And we put that there for a reason. Because everything from the infrastructure you're working with to the operating systems, installing upon, you want to have the visibility to to do what you need to do to install correctly. And we had a question come in about migrating to the new functionalities of Windows server. And I'm going to talk about that right now. So, Ken, which I think that's your name, Ken, the Veeam data lab. What I want to introduce you to is a way that you can migrate to the new functionality safely. So, I want to talk about the data labs, and I just wrote a paper about this earlier, especially around Windows server 2008 R2 going end of life. And the thought here is that a Veeam DataLabs™ can, it can help you do an upgrade.

Veeam DataLabs

VANOVER:

So basically, let's start here where we have a backup file. We've taken a Veeam backup. If you didn't know about the Veeam DataLabs, we can actually take those three virtual machines that I've backed up and I can power those on in an isolated environment. So, Ken, do your specific question of how do I migrate from Windows server 2008 to the newest version of Windows? What I recommend you do is run these in a data lab, a Veeam DataLabs so that you can actually test the upgrade. Now, it sounds crazy, but in this virtual lab, what I did in the scope of my paper that I wrote was I installed the Windows media is a ISO for the newer version of Windows for these three virtual machines, and then I would do the upgrade inside of the lab. This would allow me to test the upgrade, insure that it actually goes as I would expect that when I do the update it actually okay, there's no surprises or my application works or, or maybe I want to migrate the services to a different domain controller.

You really, if you're not familiar with the Veeam DataLabs, if you're looking at modernizing some of your Windows server systems or even other systems, the VM DataLabs is an outstanding way to do that. So what happens here is that we're reading the data from the backups that we've taken. We're presenting it into this virtual lab and it's isolated from production. So let me, okay, show how you can do that. And when I refer to the manual verification here, this is, this is basically the process of testing the upgrade and Marias asked, do I have a link to that document? So actually, I don't have it in the presentation here, Marias, but if you would, let's say Google windows upgrade DataLabs Veeam you'll probably find it. So I might just, let me just test that real quick. And I know this is totally not how you're supposed to do a webinar, but I'm going to go into pro here and let's just do a quick test here.

VANOVER:

A Veeam upgrade. Yeah, beta lab and modern upgrade opportunities powered by DataLabs. There it is. That's the paper. So, Marias, hopefully that makes sense there. I'll, I'm going to copy that URL and I'm going to put that in this here and paste it to everybody. Sorry about that. That's not exactly how you're supposed to do a webinar but we're just among friends here. So that works. But anyways, this is a process here, but let me break down how this works. Oh, and by the way, if you're using VMware, it can also come from a storage snapshot or it replicated virtual machine. But the use cases here is that you can upgrade to Windows server 2019 you can use it as an analytics, a security or test environment, dev ops use case. You can also use it as a disaster recovery simulation. Yeah. What do I need to actually recover in a DR situation?

But like every time I explain DataLabs, I have to kind of draw a picture. And the picture I had before was good, but let's take a little bit more specific. And take Ken's example. Let's say that the domain controller, that Windows server 2008 system, you take a backup of Veeam and we want to simulate an upgrade. So, what we would do here is we would run the Veeam DataLabs. So there's a virtual switch that's put in the mix here. That virtual switch has two network interfaces, one on the production network, one inside of the data lab, and it's going to use a masquerade IP technique so that inside of the data lab it'll reproduce that production IP. Yeah, but it'll sit on the external network and be production network ready and then the systems that I want to power on inside of that data live.

In this example, I have to, they have the same IP address that they have in production. That is where I would do my testing. So from a storage perspective, these virtual machines run from the backup file or from the replica or from a storage snapshot. From a networking standpoint, they're on this virtual lab here behind a masquerade IP. They don't actually know that they're not production. They have the same IP address. And you can optionally configure this, this mean virtual appliance for the networking here to allow internet access. So if you need to download windows updates. So even just testing those is a good use case here. And if you have an application group with the multi-tiered application, whether it's upgrading to Windows server 2019 or anything else, you can actually fully test that upgrade. So let me give you a professional tip here. You can use this data lab to estimate how long a big change will take.

And when you do that, you will know that, hey, if I'm going to upgrade this application, it's going to take three hours and I got to have five reboots. So what does that mean? Don't make your change control window one hour, make it three hours. You'll have tested it in the data lab and you know exactly what you're going to deal with. And those, like I said, can run from three different storage profiles. Now for Hyper-V environments, it's only from backups, but if you're running VMware, it can run from storage, snapshots or replica. Those two will actually be very high performing ways to run this data lab as well as backups if you're using general purpose desk. So a lot of different options here. Once people get their head around the data lab, I think that it's the most powerful thing that they didn't ever expect from a backup software.

Q&A

VANOVER:

Okay, well hopefully that is a good overview of Windows server 2012 I have a bunch of questions here so let's go ahead and go through these. So, what I'm going to do is if you haven't dropped in a question, go ahead and use the Q&A panel and go to webinar now. Yeah, Nicholas and I will field these questions. So, the question here came in from Ken again, manual verification is off, when offered. Is it always done? So actually Ken would actually, this is going on there is that technology was made to actually ensure that backups were recoverable. Meaning I would take a backup and I would power everything on in that virtual lab to ensure that what I backed up, it was recoverable but they had and we just decided, Hey let it run for manual things like testing upgrades. So you can go either way.

Specifically, Ken, if you want to do the manual verification, the sure backup job has an option that says leave the job running after. Sure. Backup completes. You hit that option in that virtual lab will stay on until you're done. You can check out the help center for more information on that. Siri asks a question, if you're running a virtual lab, you're only limited to test what you want to achieve before the next backup start because the backup needs to read, right? The backup files, correct? A yes. Good question Siri. So true. Yep. The backup files are right only red to do the virtual lab, but then it makes it, it makes, it'll introduce some issues if you try to run a backup. So if you find yourself doing data labs a lot, Siri, what you might want to do is have a separate backup job that just is used four data labbing or you might even want to consider the Veeam availability orchestrator product.

So good. Good call out there. Siri. Mmm. Ken asks. I'm wanting to update too version. Sorry, I can't see the full question. Mmm. I want to update the version nine updates. I'm not worried about updates, Ken, you should just go for it, but then test it. The data lab, you can even test a Veeam upgrade in there. You can't necessarily put in your whole repositories and stuff, but at least you could do part of the upgrade simulated. Colin asks SAber is only at the higher Veeam license level. Is there any plan to add the Azure support to VTL since that's the only thing, public cloud backup option for SMEs for small medium enterprises, so Colin, no, I don't have any changes in licensing planned that I can share, but yeah, the Scale-out Backup Repository™ is on the Enterprise and Enterprise plus, so I don't have any changes to share. Yeah.

Thomas asks, is the data lab usable with the free windows client testing on a single computer? Yeah, actually, Thomas, if you can get a backup in there of a, yeah, you can install Veeam on Windows 10 Windows seven et cetera. Thomas, I believe the answer is yes. Bobby said he joined late, but that's okay. Bobby. No worries. You're going to get on link to record or the link of the replay of this recording and link to download these slides. So yeah, Ken asks, can I simulate DR from virtual lab? Yeah, absolutely. Especially in VMware environments where we can have the replicas so you can make your replicas use the virtual lab and that way you'll get a good sense of how long it takes to boot up. Does it work as you expect, simulate no changes, all of that good stuff. Bobby asks a question, could you test it back up of the backup server itself for a server upgrade?

Yeah, you could. What I would do, Bobby, is have a different computer. Even your desktop, do a one off the backup and replication backup of the Veeam backup and replication server. Put that in a virtual lab and go through the upgrades. Now you're not necessarily going to be able to talk to your VMware Hyper-V hosts, but maybe you could throw a nested host in the virtual lab. You could have some fun with that. Mark asks, what about re-FS dedup for repositories? So Mark, good question. The re-FS file system that beam integrates with has a technology called space less full backups that's exposed by the block clone API that that being provided that the uses on the re-FS file system. So, it's not quite deduplication in the traditional sense, but shared blocks or space less full backups is a storage efficiency. So, Mark, but the short answer is you do get storage efficiency with DFS, but we have a lot of documentation up on help center and then some white papers and more encouraged you to check that out.

Ken asks about migrating between clouds and stuff like that. Well Ken, I will tell you, we can take a Veeam backup and right now restore it to Amazon and Azure, whether it's a Veeam Backup & Replication™, a system from VMware, hyper V or the windows agent. Or you can take the windows agent or the Linux agent and you can restore that to Amazon and Azure directly. So portability is a big thing in addition to platform support with me. So I've answered all the questions. There's still time to drop it in. But one more question just came in and the question is, does, does Veeam support SharePoint server? Yes, we do. Actually. We can back up SharePoint systems on Windows and SharePoint online and Office 365 okay. Well the Q&A panel. I've done my best to get through it. I would like to thank you, Nicholas for presenting with me today.

BONNET:

Thank you. Thank you everybody. Yes, thank you everyone for attending.

VANOVER:

And again, you're going to get a link to replay this webinar and download the slides. You can share it with your friends, huddle the kids around Friday night, do whatever you want as such, but that will be sent via the email you registered to. On behalf of everyone on the global Veeam team, I'd like to thank you for attending today and that concludes our featured webinars.

This document has been edited with the free version of the instant HTML edior. Try it here and use it every time for your projects.

Duration: 35:37

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