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Veeam Agent Management Linux user account requirements

KB ID: 2676
Product: Veeam Backup & Replication
Published: 2018-07-02
Last Modified: 2022-01-12
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Challenge

Granular ‘sudo’ configuration for a Linux user account to be used for Agent Management.

Cause

As per the Agent Management User Guide, a user account for Agent Management should have administrative permissions on the computer that you want to add to a protection group or a job. If you would like to avoid using the ‘root’ account in favor of a sudoer account, you may also want to set permissions granularly for one. This document helps you to achieve this goal.

Solution

  • Linux user account used by Veeam Backup and Replication server for any Veeam Agent for Linux deployment and management operations must have /bin/bash shell set by default.
  • /etc/sudoers file should contain a line with ‘requiretty’ parameter negated explicitly for desired Linux user account
  • The account must have either ‘root’ permissions or permissions to execute a specific list of commands as a sudoer on the target Linux machine. (See examples below.)
sudoers examples

The examples below are for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES).

Process locations may need to be adjusted if using a different distro.

Veeam Agent for Linux v5.x / Veeam Backup & Replication v11a
Example /etc/sudoers entries for SLES 11 SP4:
## Basic
Defaults:username !targetpw
username ALL=(root) /bin/chmod
username ALL=(root) /bin/chown
username ALL=(root) /bin/cp
username ALL=(root) /bin/mkdir
username ALL=(root) /bin/mv
username ALL=(root) /bin/rm
username ALL=(root) /opt/veeam/veeaminstaller
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/id
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/scp -p -t /opt/veeam/ValPackageIndex.xml
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/scp -p -t /opt/veeam/veeaminstaller
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/scp -p -t /tmp/*
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/veeamconfig
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/whoami
## FLR via console
username ALL=(root) /bin/mount
username ALL=(root) /bin/ping
username ALL=(root) /bin/ps
username ALL=(root) /bin/tar
username ALL=(root) /bin/uname
username ALL=(root) /tmp/*-*-*-*-*_vblkid
username ALL=(root) /tmp/VeeamAgent*-*-*-*-*
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/test -e /tmp/
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/gzip
Example /etc/sudoers entries for SLES 12 SP4
## Basic
Defaults:username !targetpw
username ALL=(root) /opt/veeam/veeaminstaller
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/chmod
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/chown
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/cp
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/id
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/mkdir
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/mv
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/rm
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/touch
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/uname
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/veeamconfig
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/whoami
## FLR via console
username ALL=(root) /bin/tar
username ALL=(root) /tmp/*-*-*-*-*_vblkid
username ALL=(root) /tmp/VeeamAgent*-*-*-*-*
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/test -e /tmp/
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/gzip
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/mount
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/ping
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/ps
Veeam Agent for Linux v5.x / Veeam Backup & Replication v11
Example /etc/sudoers entries for SLES 11 SP4:
## Basic
Defaults:username !targetpw
username ALL=(root) /bin/chmod
username ALL=(root) /bin/chown
username ALL=(root) /bin/cp
username ALL=(root) /bin/mkdir
username ALL=(root) /bin/mv
username ALL=(root) /bin/rm
username ALL=(root) /opt/veeam/veeaminstaller
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/id
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/scp -p -t /opt/veeam/ValPackageIndex.xml
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/scp -p -t /opt/veeam/veeaminstaller
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/scp -p -t /tmp/*
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/veeamconfig
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/whoami
## FLR via console
username ALL=(root) /bin/mount
username ALL=(root) /bin/ping
username ALL=(root) /bin/ps
username ALL=(root) /bin/tar
username ALL=(root) /bin/uname
username ALL=(root) /tmp/*-*-*-*-*_vblkid
username ALL=(root) /tmp/VeeamAgent*-*-*-*-*
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/[ -d /tmp/ ]
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/gzip
Example /etc/sudoers entries for SLES 12 SP4
## Basic
Defaults:username !targetpw
username ALL=(root) /opt/veeam/veeaminstaller
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/chmod
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/chown
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/cp
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/id
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/mkdir
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/mv
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/rm
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/touch
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/uname
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/veeamconfig
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/whoami
## FLR via console
username ALL=(root) /bin/tar
username ALL=(root) /tmp/*-*-*-*-*_vblkid
username ALL=(root) /tmp/VeeamAgent*-*-*-*-*
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/[ -d /tmp/ ]
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/gzip
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/mount
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/ping
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/ps
Veeam Agent for Linux v4.x / Veeam Backup & Replication v10
Example /etc/sudoers entries for SLES 11 SP4
## Basic
Defaults:username !targetpw  
username ALL=(root) /bin/arch
username ALL=(root) /bin/chmod
username ALL=(root) /bin/chown 
username ALL=(root) /bin/cp
username ALL=(root) /bin/mkdir
username ALL=(root) /bin/mv
username ALL=(root) /bin/rm
username ALL=(root) /bin/rmdir
username ALL=(root) /bin/uname
username ALL=(root) /opt/veeam/veeaminstaller
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/id
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/scp
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/veeamconfig
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/whoami
## FLR via console
username ALL=(root) /bin/ps
username ALL=(root) /bin/sh 
username ALL=(root) /bin/touch 
username ALL=(root) /sbin/modinfo 
username ALL=(root) /tmp/VeeamAgent*-*-*-*
Example /etc/sudoers entries for SLES 12 SP4
## Basic
Defaults:username !targetpw  
username ALL=(root) /opt/veeam/veeaminstaller
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/arch
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/chmod
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/chown
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/cp
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/id
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/mkdir
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/mv
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/rm
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/rmdir
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/uname
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/veeamconfig
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/whoami
## FLR via console
username ALL=(root) /tmp/VeeamAgent*-*-*-*
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/ps
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/sh 
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/touch 
username ALL=(root) /usr/sbin/modinfo 
Veeam Agent for Linux v3.x / Veeam Backup & Replication v9.5u4
Example /etc/sudoers entries for SLES 11
## Basic
Defaults:username !targetpw  
username ALL=(root) /bin/arch 
username ALL=(root) /bin/cat 
username ALL=(root) /bin/chown 
username ALL=(root) /bin/hostname 
username ALL=(root) /bin/mkdir 
username ALL=(root) /bin/rmdir 
username ALL=(root) /bin/uname 
username ALL=(root) /tmp/*/veeamagentid 
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/id 
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/test 
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/whoami 
# Agent config/backup 
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/veeamconfig 
# Agent deployment 
username ALL=(root) /bin/rpm 
username ALL=(root) /sbin/modinfo 
username ALL=(root) /usr/bin/zypper 
# FLR Restore via console 
username ALL=(root) /bin/chmod
username ALL=(root) /bin/mv
username ALL=(root) /bin/ps 
username ALL=(root) /bin/rm 
username ALL=(root) /bin/sh 
username ALL=(root) /bin/touch 
username ALL=(root) /tmp/VeeamAgent*-*-*-*
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