Create VSS processing exclusion for vCenter Database

Veeam Backup & Replication
7.x, 8.x, 9.x
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The vCenter database in most cases will be automatically excluded from the Application-Aware Image Processing process, preventing the database from being frozen or quiesced. If this does not happen automatically backing up the VM where the vCenter database is stored may fail with the following error.

"VSSControl: Failed to freeze guest, wait timeout"

More information regarding this error can be found in


The solution below will instruct you on how to enable and use the DBExclusion menu that is built-in to Veeam Backup & Replication v7 and greater.

  1. Close the Veeam Backup & Replication console.
  2. Open Regedit.exe
  3. Navigate to HKLM\SOFTWARE\Veeam\Veeam Backup and Replication
  4. Add a new DWORD ‘EnableDBExclusions’
  5. 5. Set the Value to 1
    User-added image
  6. Close the Registry Editor and open Veeam Backup & Replication
  7. Open “Database Exclusions” from the Main Menu
    User-added image
  8. In the window that pops up, click Add.
  9. Specify the DNS name (case sensitive) or IP address, and Instance Name (case sensitive) that you wish to exclude from VSS Freezing and being Quiesced.
  10. Specify the Database name (case sensitive) that you wish to exclude from application-aware image processing.
    User-added image

Allow the writer service account access to the Volume Shadow Copy service via the registry:

On the VM you are backing up, open regedit.exe and navigate to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\VSS\VssAccessControl
If a DWORD value for the account assigned to the writer service is present in this key, it must be set to 1. In most cases, the relevant service account appears in services.msc as the log-on account for the service listed in KB2041. However, some writers have special accounts. For example, in MS SQL Server 2012 and later, if the DWORD value “NT SERVICE\SQLWriter” is present in the VssAccessControl key, it must be set to 1.

On next job run the specified database will be excluded from the Application-Aware Image Processing freeze task.

Note: If you are using a default or unnamed SQL instance (example: MSSQLSERVER) then only the server name (or IP address) should be added in the "Add Database" screen.

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